Marijuana is one of the most consumed drugs among drug addicts as well casual users. In fact, most addicts get hooked on drugs by starting with marijuana. In many cases of the addiction treatment programs in Los Angeles, we can find many marijuana consumers. It causes severe effects on the mind and the body, which we will see in today’s post.
Many of the psychological effects of marijuana are short-term and are known as a high in the marijuana consuming culture. These effects vary from individual to individual in intensity, duration, and type. Some of these effects are as follows:
- Altered state of consciousness
- Intense state of happiness
- Stress reduction
- Increased sense of humor
- A sense of knowing about knowing, also known as metacognition
- Increase in introspective thought process
- Increased recall memory
- Increase in creative and philosophical thinking
- More reactive sexual urge
- Heightened awareness of sensation
- Disruption of short-term memory
- Anxiety and paranoia (sometimes due to hallucinations leaving the marijuana user unsure of what is real and what is not)
In addition, consumers of marijuana sometimes experience other more subjective effects like the inability to recognize time passage properly, a distortion of body image, an enhanced sense of taste and aroma, and hallucinations.
Some of the long-term psychological effects include a direct correlation between long-term marijuana use and the development of anxiety, psychosis, and depression.
The physiological effects of marijuana fall under a few different headings for the average person. These headings would be effects on the body and effects on the brain itself, not defined as psychological, but defined as the chemical reaction within the brain. So, for this to be better understood, I will break it down for you under the effects of body and mind.
Effects on the Body
The effects on the body, like the psychological effects, come in the short term and long term. Short-term effects include:
- Increase in heart rate
- lower blood pressure
- reddening of the eyes
- muscle relaxation
- lack of coordination of motor movement
Long term effects include arteritis, a vascular disease, but it is not common, a change in blood proteins putting consumers at risk for heart diseases and stroke.
Effect on the Brain
They are basically the transmittal of cannabinoids through the CB1 receptors. What these receptors do to the consumer is dependent upon the area of the brain they are located in and what that area of the brain controls. This being said, two separate individuals taking in the same product at the same time may experience two different reactions in the brain depending on the concentration of receptors in the same areas of the brain and the locations of those receptors in the same area of the brain. For example, two individuals consume the same product at the same time, but one person may have four receptors on the hippocampus; as does the other, the location of those four receptors on the hippocampus may be different, causing a different reaction in both individuals. The locations of these receptors play a large role in many.