In case of poisoning with alcohol or its surrogates, serious disorders are observed on the part of the nervous, cardiovascular, urinary, gastrointestinal, and respiratory systems. Severe alcohol poisoning can lead to coma. And in the absence of timely medical intervention, alcohol poisoning is fatal. Let us consider in more detail what – there are signs, forms and degrees of alcohol poisoning.
Signs of alcohol intoxication
- coordination disorders
- nausea or vomiting with frequent urge
- heart palpitations
- sensations of interruptions in the work of the heart
- increased blood pressure
- scattered attention
- incoherent speech.
- Along with this, a person may experience euphoria associated with alcohol intoxication, less often a feeling of anxiety or panic.
Mild alcohol poisoning
Already with a mild form of alcohol poisoning, there may be all of the above signs of intoxication. In many cases, such a pathological condition is regarded as a result of recent alcoholism, and upon cessation of alcohol consumption followed by prolonged sleep, it does without the intervention of drug treatment specialists. Only feeling unwell in the morning of the next day reminds me that I recently “drank too much.”
Medium and severe alcohol poisoning
A person has severe dizziness, aimless and meaningless activity in behavior is possible, followed by a drowsy state. Frequent vomiting with spastic abdominal pain, headaches, chills, increased blood pressure, sometimes a strong decrease with possible loss of consciousness, involuntary urination and defecation.
The skin, depending on blood pressure, can be hyperemic or pale, the limbs of the arms and legs are cyanotic due to disturbances in the work of the cardiovascular system.
The severity of violations of the functioning of internal systems in such cases requires seeking medical drug treatment. Therapy must necessarily be carried out in a specialized hospital on the basis of a private or state drug treatment clinic, where the patient will be under the supervision of qualified health workers. Only in this case, therapy will be provided in full and all the necessary care will be organized. Drug addiction treatment at home is fraught with complications that cannot be dealt with at home.
Acute and chronic alcohol poisoning
In addition to the severity of alcohol poisoning, they are also subdivided into acute and chronic forms.
The acute form occurs in people who occasionally drink alcohol. The main cause of poisoning is an excess of the dose of alcohol drunk once, the use of a low-quality alcoholic drink or poisoning with alcohol substitutes, for example, methanol.
The chronic form of alcohol intoxication is already associated with the regular intake of drinks containing alcohol. The duration of the binge varies from a couple of days to several weeks or even months. The danger of the chronic form lies in the fact that the toxic effect on the internal organs is supported daily by new doses of alcohol drunk.
Constant stay in a state of the alcoholic is manifested in the form of lethargy, speech impairment, lack of appetite, nausea with vomiting, increased blood pressure, gradual dystrophy of internal organs. The poisonous effect of alcohol leads to the gradual death of cells of the liver, kidneys, heart muscle, neurons in the brain and peripheral nervous system.
What to do in case of alcohol intoxication?
When signs of alcohol poisoning appear, specialized medical care is required in a narcological hospital.
Mild and moderate alcohol poisoning already requires inpatient treatment in the narcological department of specialized clinics or medical centers.
In the most severe cases, hospitalization is immediately needed in a narcological intensive care unit or a poisoning department, which is found in almost every major city.